How Does Dry Eye Irritation Change by Season?

Most people worldwide experience dry eyes. The condition occurs when the eyes cannot produce adequate or quality tears to remain moist or lubricated. Factors such as aging, medical conditions like thyroid disorders, and some medications contribute to dry eyes. However, one of the most overlooked factors is seasonal changes. 



Summer is synonymous with high temperatures and sunny days. It is a fun season for everyone to enjoy the sun and be happy with their friends and family. However, the heat and humidity during this period exacerbate dry eye symptoms. 

Most people spend longer time outdoors during summer. This gets them exposed to high levels of UV radiation that can cause dryness, inflammation, and damage to the tissues of their eyes. Additionally, air conditioning indoors can dry out the air and cause the eyes to dry and get irritated.



Fall is a season of transition with its changing colors and cooler temperatures. People with dry eye disease can also experience challenges during this period. The air gets drier with the temperatures getting low. 

This worsens dry eye symptoms. Additionally, fall is often the season for allergies. It triggers dry eye symptoms in some individuals. Eyes can get watery, itchy, and red from allergens like mold and pollen during this season.



Winter is a cold and windy season that causes the eyes to get irritated and dry. Additionally, most people spend most of their time indoors trying to avoid the cold outside. As a result, they expose themselves to dry air due to the heating systems they use indoors. It can cause the eyes to get itchy and dry, especially for individuals who also spend long hours staring at their computer screens.



Spring is a season for renewal, where flowers bloom and trees come back to life. Unfortunately, the season can also be challenging for individuals with dry eyes. Plants and trees release pollen into the air as the weather warms up. As a result, this triggers allergies and dry eye symptoms. Additionally, increased humidity during spring makes the eyes feel dry and irritated.


How to Alleviate Dry Eye Symptoms

You can do several things to alleviate your discomfort if you suffer from dry eye symptoms. You can begin by ensuring you stay hydrated by taking plenty of water throughout the day. Experts advise taking at least eight glasses of water daily. 

Additionally, reduce time spent using your digital devices or staring at the screen. You must take regular breaks if you stare at digital devices or computer screens for a long time. Using eye drops will help lubricate your eyes.

Altering your environment is another way to help alleviate your dry eye symptoms. For example, add moisture to indoor air during winter using a humidifier. Doing so will protect your eyes from becoming dry. You can also wear sunglasses outdoors during summer. Doing so will protect the eyes from harmful UV radiation. Additionally, avoid being outdoors during the hottest hours of the day.

Various medical treatments can help alleviate dry eye symptoms. They include ointments and prescription eye drops. Such products can help reduce inflammation and increase tear production to relieve dry eye symptoms.

For more about dry eye irritation, visit Houston Dry Eye Clinic at our office in Houston, Texas. Call (713) 664-4760 to book an appointment today.